The long nineteenth century 1815-1918 News

The Freedom of the Swiss

J. Reynolds, (1723–1792), Edward Gibbon, c. 1785. Foto: Wikipedia

The history of the Freedom of the Swiss by Edward Gibbon (1737-1794) was recently published, two hundred years after the original French publication in 1815, in a German version entitled Die Freiheit der Schweizer. Gibbon is considered the father of modern historiography and is still one of the most important English historians. His best-known work … Read more » “The Freedom of the Swiss”

The Vienna Congress

Die Republik und Genf atmen auf Anfang 1814. Foto: TES.

In 1814 and 1815, the great 19th-century powers (Prussia, Russia, France, Austria and the United Kingdom) sought to restore the European balance and the old regimes. After the end of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806 (dissolved by Napoleon) and the fall of Napoleon (1813), the Continent was not to be dominated by one power … Read more » “The Vienna Congress”

Arlesheim and the Congress of Vienna

Arlesheim. Birseck castle, Ermitage, Cathedral. Photo/Foto: TES.

The village of Arlesheim (Canton of Basel-Landschaft) is best known for the English Garden of 1785, the Ermitage and the cathedral, built in 1681. Arlesheim reads like a Swiss history book. The medieval castles of Birseck and Reichenstein are located on the hilltops. They are a symbol of the town’s strategic importance. The cathedral in … Read more » “Arlesheim and the Congress of Vienna”