A Typical Swiss Monument
Bishop Ulrich VII. of Chur consecrated the church of St. Oswald and Cassian in Sargans on 28 June 1711. The baroque interior was not yet in place, however, due to a lack of financial means. The construction had fallen far short of plans. The late Gothic medieval tower of the predecessor also remained standing.
The town still has its medieval castle of the Counts of Montfort and Werdenberg-Sargans. Since 1483, however, the Eidgenossenschaft governed the city as subject territory (Untertanengebiet) until 1798. The bailiffs resided in the castle.
The Religious history of the town is also typically Swiss. The Eidgenossenschaft was an alliance of equal independent Catholic and Protestant cantons, a remarkable accomplishment for the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.
Sargans remained Catholic but was free to profess the catholic faith. 28 June 1711 is an example of this tolerance. Sargans also fell under several Catholic jurisdictions: for centuries until 1798 under the abbey of Mehrerau (Lake Constance), then from 1815 under the monastery of Pfäfers. The bishop of Chur was never far away either. Sargans belonged to his diocese.
The church of St. Oswald and Cassian symbolise the medieval and (early) modern and religious (Swiss) history and architecture of Sargans.