Period IV

Mario Verieri, 150 Jahre Wintertourismus St. Moritz, 2015. Photo/foto: TES.

Wintertourism Engadin

The most significant growth of tourism and bathing and Spatial Tourism in Switzerland and Engadin, in particular, took place between 1870 and 1914. With the rise of railways, the improvement of alpine passes (among others from Bivio to Silvaplana), new roads (for carriages, among others between Poschiavo and Pontresina), tunnels and the rise of health tourism, after 1850 more and more (English) visitors from wealthy circles came to Engadin. At the beginning only during the summertime, but soon in the winter as well.  An extended stay in a prestigious hotel or spa was prestige. Scuol, Tarasp, Davos, Flims, Sils Maria and for example St. Moritz were at centre of this growth.

In St. Moritz, as well as in Tarasp for example, came the initiative for the construction of a comfortable and large hotel of residents. In St.Moritz, hotel Kulm, Grand Hotel des Bains d the Kurhaus were built and expanded from 1850. One initiative deserves attention: the owner of hotel Kulm, Johann Badrutt (1819-1889) invited English guests at his expense around 1865 for a stay in his hotel in winter, before that the stay was only in summer. It would be the beginning of winter sports and the considerable growth of St. Moritz. Since then, the bobsleigh, curling, skeleton sliding, ice Hockey, skiing and figure skating and the Olympic Winter Games (1928) have become an integral part of St. Moritz. (Source: T. Cavadini Canonica, A. Cavadini, Das Engadin. Kurze Geschichte einer Alpinen Welt, Sondrio, 2009).