11 March 2021
In a deed of 1011, Neuchâtel (Neuenburg, new castle, castellum novum) is described as a royal residence (of Rudolph III (970-1032), last King of Burgundy).
The first castle was built in the 11th century on an easily defensible rock.
When more and more houses were built around it in the 12th century, the western gate was raised with granite. The tower, built in the 12th and 13th centuries and decorated with merlons in the 14th century, reached a height of thirty metres. A rampant with two towers doubled the dry moat at a later stage. The castle expanded in the following centuries.
(Source: J. Courvoisier et al, Neuchâtel. Histoire d’un paysage urbain, Neuchâtel, 1999).