Local History

Meiringen, Sherlock Holmes Museum. Photo/Foto: TES.

Sherlock Holmes in Meiringen

Sherlock Holmes is a fictional private detective created by the British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle (1859-1930). Holmes is known for his proficiency with observation, forensic science, and logical reasoning that borders on the fantastic, which he employs when investigating cases for a wide variety of clients, including Scotland Yard.

His methods were not just fiction, but practical, visionary and effective as well and paved the way of modern investigation techniques and methods.

Meiringen is the village of the famous and deadly struggle between Sherlock Holmes and his biggest adversary Professor James Moriarty in 1891, although more deadly for Moriarty.

Three years after the fight at the Reichenbach Fall, when all believed both had died, Holmes made his return in his fictional life. The public was so disappointed, upset and angry about his death in the story, that Conan Doyle wrote him back to life in 1894, presuming that he had survived the struggle, but had taken the opportunity to study, travel and think about his future.

Holmes and Dr. Watson resume their adventures on Bakerstraat 221 B in Londen soon afterwards. Conan Doyle chose Meiringen because the village was well known to the British readers of his stories (because of tourism) and the landscape, mountains and waterfalls offered the ideal setting of this final struggle.

Meiringen also offered Grand Hotels for gentlemen like Dr. Watson and Sherlock Holmes. The village was among the first with an English Church in Switzerland, since 1867. The church was renovated in 1990 and the Sherlock Holmes Museum opened in 1991. (Source and further information: www.sherlockholmes.ch).