Period II newsletter

Donatyre, 11th century. Photo: TES.

Romanesque Art

The area of present-day Switzerland was from the 11th to the 14th centuries not a political unity. Several dynasties (o.a. Habsburg, Kyburg, Zähringen, Savoye, Swaben), small local rulers, the German emperor and powerful abbots and bishops (Geneva, Sion, Lausanne, Chur, Basel, and Constance) ruled over smaller or larger areas. These areas lay on the edge of the great centers of Romanesque art: Lombardy, was the inspiration for Romanesque style in Grisons, Zurich, Tessin, and Eastern Switzerland, Schaffhausen, Basel, and Northern Switzerland were mainly influenced by Southern Germany. Lausanne, Sion and Geneva focused on Burgundy, the abbey of Cluny and the Auvergne in particular. Romanesque art knew many regional styles.

Switzerland is the meeting point of different styles of Romanesque art. The inaccessible mountain areas in Grisons show many objects of (pre) Romanesque art, for example in Müstair, Zillis, and Mistail. The Romanesque buildings in urban areas have been replaced by Gothic or Baroque styles, although some of the Romanesque fundaments or details survived (Chur, Sion, Zurich, Basel or Schaffhausen). Churches in smaller towns (St. Ursanne, Payerne, Romanmôtier or Donatyre) escaped the fate of these renovations.  Some Romanesque buildings still exist, for example in Maienfeld or Habsburg. (Source: H.-R. Meier, Romanische Schweiz, Würzburg 1996).