The museum’s permanent exhibition presents the rich history of the watchmaking industry in Val-de-Travers, a Jura valley in the canton of Neuchâtel. The many exhibits bear witness to rural life before 1730. From 1730 onwards, the inhabitants gradually abandoned their agricultural activities to focus on the watch industry. This industrial vocation would last for three centuries. The export, journeys and businesses of watchmakers to and in America, France, England and China as well as the mechanisation of the watch industry in the valley are also discussed in detail.