La Chaux-de-Fonds. Photo/Foto: TES.

Watchmaking and the City

The unique grid planning of the cities Le Locle and La Chaux-de-Fonds emerged in the eighteenth and ninetheenth centuries and was based on the watch making industry.

Both cities were the victims of fires (in 1794 in La Chaux-de-Fonds, in 1833 and 1844 in Le Locle).

Their reconstruction was based on a consensus of private and public interests to attain a balance between hygiene, social needs and production efficiency of the watch making industry.

Both cities are UNESCO World Heritage sites (Further information: