Local History

Göschenen. Photo/Foto: Jan Keckstein, 2004.

The mountain village of Göschenen

The mountain village of Göschenen on the Gotthard Route has made history with the construction of the world’s longest railway tunnel at the time.

From the 13th century onwards, the mule track on the St. Gotthard developed into one of the most important European Alpine roads through the railway and later the motorway.

This history began around 1220-1230. The cantons in Central Switzerland built a road over the Gotthard. The Gotthard Pass became a connection between Italy and northern Europe. The village of Göschenen was a resting place for travelers and their horses.

The village with a few hundred inhabitants grew after 1872 to a village with more than 3,000 inhabitants. The first hotels were built in this period.

The railway tunnel was built between 1872 and 1882. A large number of foreign (mainly Italian) workers emigrated to Switzerland for work. Many stayed forever.

A regular coach service to Andermatt began after 1882. This service was later continued by the famous Postauto.

(Source and further information: www.goeschenen.ch).