The long nineteenth century 1815-1918 News

The Vienna Congress

Die Republik und Genf atmen auf Anfang 1814. Foto: TES.

The great powers (Prussia, Russia, France, Austria and the United Kingdom) wanted to restore the European balance and the old regimes in 1814 and 1815. After the end of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806 (disbanded by Napoleon) and the fall of Napoleon (1813), the continent should not be dominated by one power again. They … Read more » “The Vienna Congress”

Geneva’s Choice in 1815

Maker onbekend. De restauratie van het ancien regime, 31 december 1813. Foto:

On December 30, 1813, the entry of the Austrian general Count Ferdinand Bubna von Littiz (1768-1825) brought an end to fifteen years of French domination of Geneva,. The city had welcomed the French revolutionary troops enthusiastically in 1798. After the fifteen years of French annexation, French-speaking Geneva stood at an important crossroads in its two … Read more » “Geneva’s Choice in 1815”

The Swiss Federal Court

The Session Hall of the Federal Court. Photo:

The old Swiss Confederation or Eidgenossenschaft was a loose and complex agreement between cantons. The origins of the cooperation go back to the thirteenth century, but it was not until 1848 that the federal constitution formalized the relations between the cantons. There was no federal supreme jurisdictional authority until this time and when a dispute … Read more » “The Swiss Federal Court”