Dornach, Goetheanum. Photo/Foto: TES.

The Goetheanum

Rudolf Steiner (1861-1925), founder of the anthroposophical movement, took the initiative for the construction of the Goetheanum in Dornach, named after Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832), whom he so admired. The first version of the Goetheanum burned down in 1923, after which the present building was completed in 1928. It is a large concrete dome building that reflects the spirit of the times. Modern, Art Deco, organic forms and surrealism, with symbolism, paintings and sculpture with the evolution of mankind and the (spiritual) development of people as a motif. The building is still in use as a space for education, (art) performances, meetings, library and lectures. Many other monumental buildings in the same style were erected in and the decades after 1928. The Heizhaus, Verlagshaus, Glashaus, Haus Kirchner, Haus Duldeck, Haus Moser, Haus Rust, Haus Ranzenberger, Haus Jevskeenko, Rudolf Steiner Halde, Haus de Jaager are just a few of the approximately 180 monumental buildings in Dornach and Arlesheim.