Period III

Proclamation of 28 December 1798. Photo: Wikipedia.

The end of French rule

The French rule over Geneva (and other parts of  Switzerland) came to an end on 30 december 1813. Geneva was liberated by the Austrian Count Ferdinand Bubna von Littiz. Although Catholic Swiss cantons resisted the accession of Geneva to the Swiss Confederation, Geneva joined the ‘Eidgenossenschaft’ on Mai 19th, 1815, together with Neuchâtel and Vallais. The Great Powers had decided the accession at the Congress of Vienna. It was the best solution for Geneva and for Switzerland.

Geneva escaped two world wars, became the global capital of diplomacy, law and peace, is part of a sovereign, decentralized democratic federation and is not an isolated third rank French provincial city in the shadow of Lyon and far away from Paris. It has been a long way from the Celtic oppodium Genava and Roman town (as mentioned in the de bello gallico) to Geneva, but history has been kind to this canton. Although the city did not escape from all political, religious and economic turmoil, the past two centuries are worth to celebrate and to remember. (Source: CHA, Genève son histoire et ses institutions (Geneva 2004).