The city of Laufenburg
The city of Laufenburg developed into a city, especially under Count Rudolf II of Habsburg (born in the second half of the twelfth century – deceased in 1232). The town with the Rhine bridge is mentioned for the first time in a document from 1207. For a long time, this bridge was the most important road crossing over the Upper Rhine. The old wooden Rhine Bridge in Basel was from 1225-1244 (or earlier), but for a long time, it was less important. In 1903 this bridge was replaced by the current one. The entire town belonged to Habsburg/Vorderösterreich until its separation in 1801. The history of Laufenburg on the right bank of the Rhine as a German city begins after the Peace of Lunéviller (1801). In 1803, Laufenburg on the left bank of the Rhine was assigned to the newly founded canton of Aargau, which belonged to the new (Swiss) confederation (Mediation Act). History is perceptible in the old town and, although both towns are separated by national borders, they are still historically united. (Source and further information: www.laufenburg.ch).