Het kasteel van Joux, elfde eeuw. Foto: TES.

The castle of Joux

The first owners of the castle were the lords of Joux. They built the castle in the eleventh century.

The castle changed ownership in the fourteenth century and became the property of Philip the Good (1396-1467), Duke of Burgundy, in 1454.

After the death of Charles the Bold (1433-1477), Maria of Burgundy (1457-1482), heir of Charles, married Archduke Maximilian of Austria (1559-1519).

The castle and the Franche-Comté came into the hands of the Austrian Habsburgs. Charles V was the new Lord in 1530.

The conquest of Franche-Comté by Louis XIV (1638-1715) in 1678 was confirmed by the Treaty of Nimwegen. The castle and the Franche-Comté became part of the French kingdom.

The architect and engineer Vauban (1633-1707) built the castles in Belfort and Besançon and integrated the castle of Joux into the Vauban defence line.

The military role of the fort became insignificant in the middle of the 18th century. The castle became a state prison as notorious as the Bastille.

The castle survived the French Revolution because of its remote location. The castle houses a museum nowadays. (Source and further information: