Le Temple, La Chaux-du-Milieu. Photo/Foto: TES.

Temple of La Chaux-du-Milieu

The Valley of the Brévine was already inhabited in the 14th century.

The Count of Neuchâtel called the settlement ‘Calvum de Escobon’ in 1310. The name transformed to La Chaux d’Ecoublon, La Tschaux du Meta amd eventually La Chaux-du-Milieu.

Migrants from the growing town of Le Locle moved to the valley in the sixteenth century.

The (lucrative) trade between Franche-Comté (owned by Habsburg) and the cities of the Swiss Confederation (Eidgenossenschaft) passed through the valley.

After the Reformation, however, the political border becomes a religious border. The County of Neuchâtel adopted the Protestant faith In 1530, the Franche-Comté remained Catholique.

The cantons of the Eidgenossenschaft governed  Neuchâtel in the years  1512-1529, although the Catholic French dynasty d’Orléans-Longueville owned the County.

The beautiful church (le temple) of La Chaux-du-Milieu was built in 1716.