Le Temple, La Chaux-du-Milieu. Photo/Foto: TES.

Temple of La Chaux-du-Milieu

The region of the Valley of the Brévine has been inhabited since the 14th century by farmers of the Morteau and the Val-du-Travers (canton of Neuchâtel).

The Earl of Neuchâtel already mentioned in 1310 the place ‘Calvum de Escobon’, which through various changes (among others La Chaux d’Ecoublon and La Tschaux du Meta) eventually became La Chaux-du-Milieu.

Mainly migrants from the growing town of Le Locle came to this valley and this village in the sixteenth century.

The (lucrative) trade between Franche-Comté (owned by Habsburg) and the cities of the Eidgenossenschaft passed through this valley.

After the Reformation, however, the political border also becomes a religious dividing line. In 1530 the County of Neuchâtel adopted the Protestant faith.

It was made possible by the administration by cantons of the Eidgenossenschaft in the period 1512-1529, although the Catholic French dynasty d’Orléans-Longueville (until 1707) formally ruled the County.

The architecturally beautiful church (temple) of La Chaux-du-Milieu, built in 1716, bears witness to this history and religious boundary.