In the course of the Late Middle Ages a new political order asserted itself in the territory of Switzerland. The new communes constituted political bodies with their own jurisdiction. Making laws and constituting administrative and executive bodies by means of election, embodied the core of the communal constitution. Today many historians would probably endorse the statement that direct democracy grew from constitutional circumstances that originated in the communalization of political power. (Forum of Swiss History, Switzerland in the Making (Baden 2011).