Engineer Eduard Locher  (1840-1910) built the steepest cogwheel railway in the world up to Mount Pilatus Kulm in the canton of Lucerne. The 4618 meters long railway was opened in 1889 and has a max. 48% gradient. It was achieved by the innovative construction of two horizontally revolving cogwheels. The Panorama Gallery features all-round glazing for views from the mountains and the lake of Lucerne (Vierwaldstättersee). The Panorama Gondolas and the nearby Pilatus Rope Parc (Pilatus-Seilpark) are other attractions. (Source and further information: