Period IV


Miraculaua Scuol

Two thousand years after the foundation of Aquae Helveticae (the (mineral) waters of the Helvetians) by the Romans (present-day Baden, Canton of Aargau), 650 years after the first mention of mineral springs near Scuol (Canton of Grisons) and more than 150 years after the construction of the first Grand Hotels and the drinking water hall (Trinkwasserhalle) in Tarasp, mineral water and bathing culture are once again the focus of public and tourist interest. It is called miraculous water Scuol  (miraculaua Scuol) nowadays.

In the Scuol-Tarasp-Sent region, over a length of only six kilometres on both sides of the Inn and in the villages, more than twenty mineral sources spring up. This laid the foundation for spa tourism in the Lower Engadine in the nineteeth century. Mineral water is produced when rainwater or melt water reaches the underground. Depending on the path of the groundwater, it is determined whether the water comes to the surface as ordinary drinking water or as (highly) mineralized water. The formation of mineral water is a chemical process resulting from the geological composition of soil and rock. Today there are still many historical sources and some can be visited and used. The road from Ftan, Vulpera, Tarasp, Scoul to Sent is a hiking trail with about 20 springs and several village wells providing drinking water. The characteristics are sometimes described in detail on signs (

Not only this history, but also the modern activities and events make the region again the centre of the bath and mineral water culture. Bogn Engiadina in Scuol, various spring festivals in the summer (among others in Sent, Nairs, Guarda, Tarasp, Ardez and Ftan) and a musical performance on 1 June in Sent revive the old times, only without a carriage and without the Beau- Monde, but with cars that were only allowed on the roads of Lower Engadine in 1925 after no less than ten referendums. (Source and Further information: