The long nineteenth century 1815-1918 Newsletters

The Swiss Federal Court

The old Swiss Confederation or Eidgenossenschaft was a loose and complex agreement between cantons. The origins of the cooperation go back to the thirteenth century, but it was not until 1848 that the federal constitution formalized the relations between the cantons. There was no federal supreme jurisdictional authority until this time and when a dispute … Read more » “The Swiss Federal Court”

Basel as Mirror of Western Europe

The dynamic of economic and social change in Western Europe in the nineteenth century and the outbreak of the First World War mark the dissolution of a primarily agricultural and rigidly hierarchical social order that had survived for many centuries. Basel has always been a European centre of ideas, trade, freedom of thought, cosmopolitism and multiculturalism, … Read more » “Basel as Mirror of Western Europe”

European Satire, parody and wit analysed in Basel

The famous Swiss historian Jacob Christian Burckhardt (1818-1897) was the first to analyse the use of satire, parody and wit in renaissance Europe. He wrote about its developments in the late Middle Ages and how hostile armies, princes, and nobles, provoked one another with symbolical insult, and how the defeated party was loaded with symbolical … Read more » “European Satire, parody and wit analysed in Basel”