The long nineteenth century 1815-1918 Newsletters

The Prince Bishopric of Basel after 1813

The Prince-Bishopric of Basel has experienced two major revolutions in the last five hundred years. The title of Prince-Bishopric is a consequence of the status of the Bishop in the Holy Roman Empire, of which it was part. The bishop had the high status of a prince (Reichsfürst/Fürstbischof) in this empire. He stood above dukes … Read more » “The Prince Bishopric of Basel after 1813”

A beneficial Democracy

The Constitution of 1848 is still the political fundament of modern Switzerland. The Constitution, partly based on the American model, establishes the confederal status of the country, the cantons and communes, and the role played by the citizens. The last major revision of the Constitution took place in 1999. One of the most striking provisions … Read more » “A beneficial Democracy”

The Europeanization of Switzerland

Europe is a name given by the Greeks to a region or continent that stretches from the Ural in the east to Ireland (or Iceland) in the west, and from Scandinavia in the north to Italy in the south. The societies, cultures, and languages of the continent have always been highly diverse. Greeks and Romans … Read more » “The Europeanization of Switzerland”