The Federal Multilingual State

Switzerland is the second oldest federal-state after the United States of America. The federal constitution of 1848 was closely modelled on that of the USA (written in 1787). The cantons delegated some of their sovereignty to the federal level in 1848. The cantons Most cantons have a long history, dating back to the Middle Ages. … Read more » “The Federal Multilingual State”

William Tell and the Congress of Vienna

1291-1513 When the Habsburg rulers of the areas in central Switzerland failed to maintain peace and protect the roads, three rural communities acted and concluded a peace alliance in 1291. These alliances were rather common in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, and they reflected the interest of local elites, whether rural, urban, or nobility. The … Read more » “William Tell and the Congress of Vienna”

The Flag of Switzerland

The flag of Switzerland consists of a red flag with a white cross in the centre. The dimensions of the cross were formally established in 1889, when the flag became the national flag (adopted by the constitution on December 12, 1889). Before that, the use of this flag was a military matter. The white cross … Read more » “The Flag of Switzerland”