Hundred Years Revolution
Alexander Samochwalow, Textilfabrik, 1929. Staatliches Russisches Museum, St. Petersburg.
Zentrum Paul Klee and Kunstmuseum Bern dedicate their joint exhibition to the 100th anniversary of the 1917 October Revolution in Russia. The exhibition focuses both on the starting point of the Bolshevik revolution (not to confuse with the abdication of the Tsar and the new government in February 1917) and on the impact of the revolution on artistic representations. The exhibition at Zentrum Paul Klee focuses on the revolutionary spirit in visual epxressions of Russian Suprematism and Constructivism. They both had a radical impact on twentieth-century art when Kazimir Malevich, the founder of Suprematism, and the circle of Russian Constructivists led by Vladimir Tatlin and Alexander Rodchenko, made their breakthrough to geometric abstraction and construction. Russian Suprematism and Constructivism are rightfully considered truly revolutionary art movements even today. The exhibition at Kunstmuseum Bern retraces Socialist Realism in contemporary art and its many shifts and changes since the Russian Revolution. In its representations of socialist themes, Propaganda Art not only embraced a realistic style, it also programmatically expressed a societal concept by promoting a society that did not exist then and never materialized afterwards. As the former Soviet Union reached crisis point and began to disintegrate, artists began to use new concepts.