Ferdinand Hodler and Parallelism

The Swiss painter Ferdinand Hodler (1853-1918) evolved his own characteristic style. This exhibition highlights Hodler’s simple, clear-cut, and effective theory of parallelism. It is a compositional principle that targets the revelation of order and structures inherent in nature. Trees lining paths, clouds or mountains mirrored in a lake, or a group of people are arranged in parallel patterns, underscored in his landscapes and figurative compositions by enhancing the symmetry and by means of repetition. The artist developed this theory of art based on a deliberately simplified understanding of the cosmos. This is a joint exhibition of the Museum of arts in Geneva (Musée d’art et d’histoire) and Bern (Kunstmuseum).